Goats to the Rescue for EFS Alum and Her Sustainable School

Patty Collins, MEd ’11, went looking for a problem, and not just any problem. She wanted a Goldilocks sort of problem.

Collins, a fifth-and-sixth-grade teacher at Reading (Vermont) Elementary School and an alumna of AUNE’s Educating for Sustainability MEd concentration, had just attended a sustainability institute. There, a presentation inspired her to take service-learning at her small rural school to a higher level. But first, she needed a problem to fire up her students.

That was the hardest thing, it turned out; finding a good problem. I needed something that was just the right size, she said. Too often teachers give problems that they always know the answer to. It was important to me that it be an actual real-world problem.

One day last summer Collins was walking her golden retriever past the school when the dog waded into a sprawling patch of poison ivy. She realized that she had complained about the poison ivy for eleven years, ever since she had come to Reading. No one has been able to solve that problem, because it borders an ecologically sensitive area, and chemicals were out of the question.

The next day she asked her class, all six of them, a question: How can poison ivy be safely eradicated? Their reply: Blank looks.

Each day, she simply asked the same question. After two weeks of no answers, they finally began to get embarrassed, she said. Possible solutions trickled in. Collins asked them to analyze each solution for practicality and cost their budget was $12 from the student activities fund. They considered black plastic, boiling water, vinegar, and salt, none of which fit the criteria. Finally, one student asked Do goats eat poison ivy?

Analysis showed that, if the goats were borrowed, it was affordable. Within a week, we had three goats, Collins said. That was the easiest part.

A Town Crazy for Goats

The town went goat crazy, Collins said. People in the community donated a calf hutch, fencings, and services such as an agronomist, a veterinarian, and a forester who removed some poisonous pin cherry trees. A good project is one that has community support and where everyone is excited, Collins said.

Reading Elementary has preschoolers, who had no hesitation about grasping a live electric fence, so the students had to figure out a way to block off the electric fence and do a safety education campaign.  Then, on the job for six weeks, Izzy, Happy, and Sadie, the three Boer goats, ate all the visible poison ivy.

The project continued to reap academic benefits. The students learned grant-writing skills, recently winning a grant for $981.93 They also wrote a 12-page application for the Governor’s Environmental Award, which they have yet to hear about. And Reading Elementary was nominated as one of three U.S. Department of Education Green Ribbon Schools in Vermont, the only small, rural school. The winners will be announced in April.

AUNE’s EFS Program Helps Her Focus

AUNE’s Educating for Sustainability MEd concentration gave Collins the foundation for the community approach to the project and for the Reading school’s new focus. AUNE taught me to seek opportunities for collaboration with the local community on projects and problem-seeking and solving, she said. The program gave me tools to share with colleagues as we work to build a stronger, more vibrant, and sustainable school.  Collectively we redefined our school’s focus and mission to be one centered on educating for sustainability: ‘Educating students to make decisions with an understanding of the interrelatedness of social equity, the economy and the environment, for today and in the future.’

Meanwhile, the students will co-present Goldilocks and the Three Goats: Service Learning and Engineering Solutions with Collins on April 4, at the  Vermont Science Teachers Association Conference in Fairlee, Vermont.

It’s a project that keeps on growing and giving, Collins said.

So are the goats, who will be back this spring.


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